April 2018

LARP Articles

The Methods of Mechanization – The Means of Communicating Intent and Effects in LARP – Part 2

“…and now for something completely different.”


Hi all! First off, thanks for all the great comments I’ve received thus far on the first post. For the most part they’ve been in line with just the kind of conversation these posts are supposed to start. In a serendipitous turn of events, it also seems that the Facebook group, LARP Haven (they’re private), has had its share of debates and discussions on many of the things I’ve discussed in the first part of this post, as well as in the first blog I wrote for larping.org. Check them out, as it is a good group, attracting fellow larpers from all over the world. I mention the LARP Haven discussion as it really set my gears in motion on the general topic of modern LARP rules development and some of the takeaways and lessons learned from those that came before. In general, it seems like there are two camps when it comes to your archetypal fantasy / sci-fi / etc… LARP. Again, I say “in general” because the discussion has to start somewhere, and this is where I’m starting it. Distill the details how you want. Your mileage may vary.

The first camp is made up of those who believe that LARP rules should encourage a gamist methodology and mentality in interacting with the game world; that is, “winning” and character optimization is the focus, even beyond actual role-playing or understanding narrative motivations. These systems usually manifest as rulebooks containing many pages, inundated with myriad vocalized effects, laundry lists of caveats and exceptions, and player character progression based on gaining access to lots of fantastic abilities and powers, rendering some players theoretically more powerful and skillful than other players and NPCs of less experience. These systems are also characteristically complicated, often favoring, not to mention preferred by, players who are able, or like to digest and process lots of esoteric rules, over those with any actual role-playing ability. Games like this are often found to be older and are the ‘first generation’ games, like NERO (which is a by-product of Alliance), Alliance, Dystopia Rising, or their many offshoots and children here in the States. Through talking to the people that play in these games, as well as experiencing them for myself over the years, I’ve been left with the notion that this approach is tenuous at best, if not ultimately damning. One thing that is common amongst all of them is a sort of “soft” understanding; that is, to exact upon, execute, and perhaps most important, play within these systems, eventually becomes untenable and unsustainable, despite players’ motivations to continue playing within the game world. Experience says we see a stark, inverse relationship between player abilities and skills garnered, and the mutual, if not unspoken, trust of the player population insofar as it concerns another player’s ability to correctly interpret and execute said rules and mechanics.  The second camp, however, adopts a more minimalist approach to rules in favor of allowing character interactions, accompanied by a small amount of rules (notice I didn’t say no rules at all), and lots of role-play to drive the game forward. Often, these systems adopt rules that encourage immersion over competing levels of player meta-power, wherein there are streamlined combat and magic systems, with few vocalized effects and mechanics, and only where presumably and absolutely necessary. Examples include many international games, like Conquest of Mythodea and Bicolline, as well as some newer, regional, North American systems, like Lands of Exile, Arcane, and Gothic: The Lion Age. Please add your name to the comments if this pertains to your game as I would love to hear about some newer perspectives in rules development. Being that these posts are about communicating effects in LARP, however, let’s explore these two camps in within this context; that is, how are effects and intent different in a “rules-heavy” system versus a “rules-lite” system?

Picking up from the last post, I had chosen two examples of what you might expect to find scattered over the first generation, rules-heavy, rule books, referring to those systems that seek to more faithfully represent the quantity of skills and abilities one might find in table top RPGs that so heavily influenced the early LARP systems. Likewise, these types of skills and mechanics are more likely to be found in a LARP setting wherein a gamist culture prevails (or has indirectly been fostered), and where characters are made to feel that all players should possess heroic levels of prowess and ability, in addition to any natural ability they may bring to the game. What we often find in these environments, however, are a number of harmful cultural and administrative scenarios that only further degrade the quality of the game on the whole, whether players and administrators are wont to admit it or not. Let’s take a look at one of these scenarios below and then examine some alternative approaches to including a prolific amount of these types of rules in your game.


Too Many Skills and Abilities

Many popular and long running LARPs still adhere to this rules methodology in order to do a couple of things. First, they seek to more closely resemble many MMORPG’s and table top RPGs in order to presumably, attract more would-be players to LARPing and perhaps make players more apt to try the hobby in the first place. Second, this design method seeks to use large quantities of skills and abilities in order to provide balance among player characters, often in settings where games have defined classes or some semblance of class segmentation based on abilities. Lastly, it provides for a means by which players are made to feel as though they’re progressing through the purchase of more, or different skills and abilities, as we’ve been engendered with the idea that more stuff means we’re doing better, and that we’re special compared to the next person. While this way of doing things has sufficed for decades, it can no longer be argued that this system is not ridden with flaws, and is not, in fact, inherently bad for a number of reasons, which we’ll examine below.


The Table Top Experience

As discussed in the first part of this blog, the first American iterations of LARP rules were derived largely from the arcane tomes of unnameable rules that were early role-playing games. And this really isn’t all that surprising, right? While it’s hard to say whether or not LARPing would exist without them, we can safely say we’ve moved past having to build rules systems based on them. Table top systems, by necessity, have to develop rules sets and execution mechanics that account for any possible action a player might want to perform for the most part, from the heroic, to the mundane.  This doesn’t have to be the case for LARP, and In fact, it probably shouldn’t be. By its nature, LARP is an immersive and physical hobby, one where players perform as many of their character’s actions as possible, and to that end, don’t require near as many rules as that of any given table top system. In fact, one could make the assertion that, beyond setting and some thematic elements, LARPs and table top systems should not have all that much in common; that is, wherein table top games have to account for any potential action a player may wish to take to maintain persistent immersion, LARPs must assume that a player can perform the action independent of a rule, that would, in fact, only serve to break the persistent immersion of the game world. It would seem that LARPs’ progenitors are now the very thing that are doing it harm; that what first brought players into the hobby is the source for much consternation, or at the very least, making it difficult for new and existing players to enjoy the game within these complicated constraints.

Role playing books

Skills as an Equalizer

As direct descendants of table top rules sets, it’s no wonder that popular, long-standing LARP rules books contain myriad heroic skills and abilities, intended to elevate the office drone to epic levels of Conan-like prowess and strength, or imbue the fry cook with the mysterious and arcane abilities of a Red Wizard. After all, this is what drew a lot of us LARPers to the hobby in the first place, right? What happens though, after you’ve been at it for a long time, is that you begin to realize that being able to pick and build a character from a laundry list of abilities, and in turn, having to learn all of the often complicated mechanics that accompany them, eventually detracts from the overall experience. Ask yourself whether or not it’s the fact that you get to swing this fake sword at people, perform an engrossing magical ritual, or discover a devious plot to assassinate a noble, that gets you immersed in the game, or is it in fact, all the rules you get to yell at people and process during a LARP event. Are you playing the game or are you playing the rules? Some would refer to this line of thinking as simply anti-gamist, however I can elaborate.

To convince you, loyal reader, that this way of doing things is actually pretty bad, let me break it down for you into what LARP rules designers think this methodology does, versus what it actually does. Again, we’re talking about the conventional, fantasy/sci-fi/insert -your-geeky-genre-here, LARP systems wherein they are structured similarly to your archetypal table top or online RPG. Pick a class. Pick some skills. Choose a background. Tally ho!   These systems often attempt to level the playing field via a system of skills and/or abilities that a player can buy with intangible points earned event to event, or are purchased, etc…. Ideally, this portfolio of skills and abilities, while allowing for character uniqueness, should also set every player on a more or less equal footing when it comes to interacting with, and functioning within the game setting. My 10th level Fighter should balance out pretty evenly with your 10th level Wizard, in terms of usefulness, power, etc… Of course, there will always be the min-maxers who just want to watch your system burn, but we’ll save them for another post. I digress. So what is this proliferation of skills and abilities actually doing to your game? Well, it’s doing a couple of things. First, it’s enabling the gamist-minded players out there to poke holes enough to make Swiss cheese out of your carefully crafted, if not abundant, rules set, on their way to total domination, often at the expense of having to create more rules or constant errata just to deal with them (this is NOT to say rules systems are perfect from the outset and SHOULDN’T have errata for all you trolls out there). As the saying goes, there is usually a name tag attached to every new rule. A mechanics/effects heavy game often encourages those who extract enjoyment from turning a LARP into a contest of intimate rules knowledge to do just that, and often at the cost of alienating new players who don’t have the tribal knowledge experienced players do. Second, these systems are directly contributing to the total deterioration of any game quality, scalability, and sustainability; that is, it becomes essentially and eventually impossible for your player base to digest and process the many mechanics that accompany these skills and abilities. That is, as characters in these types of systems progress, this progression often correlates with an increase in the number of things they can do, or likewise, an increase in frequency in how many times they can do these things. What is meant, initially, as a way for players to feel as though they’re more powerful and “winning” at the game eventually results in a diminishing rate of return. As the number of skills and things my character can do goes up, the likelihood that I or other players can process all of this goes down. Or, at the very least, the opportunity for this type of abuse increases. If someone says they can process loads of mental math along with lots of other vocalized effects calls, all in a time window of mere seconds, they’re full of it. Beyond being nigh impossible based on scientific fact, it really just makes for a pretty dull fight, too. Any semblance of actual danger or immersion is lost to the fact that you’ve got to worry about what’s going to come out of your opponent’s mouth, in addition to where they’re going to be swinging. Perhaps the worst part of skill and/or ability over-saturation is its penchant to, whether purposefully or not, encourage cheating. As it becomes nigh impossible to process all of one’s abilities, not to mention the abilities of an opponent, the odds that someone will not play exactly to the rules, whether or not they are aware of it (see cheating), greatly increases. And sadly, all this really does is just make players pissed off and frustrated, greatly diminishing trust and any perceived value in a game on the whole. Third, this method can in some cases, marginalize a player’s natural abilities. Instead of adopting rules and mechanics as needed, these systems seem to favor implementing a rule or mechanic for everything, greatly increasing overall complexity and increasing the barrier to entry for would-be and new players. For example, in many current systems it is quite popular to group abilities by different, archetypal, fantasy based classes, be they the thief or rogue, fighter, mage, etc…At this point, we’ve totally pigeonholed a player into pursuing their character in one direction and stripped away any mystery about how they might be playing said character. That is, instead of playing a character who chooses to be interested in the arcane arts and their martial use, a player now need only say, “…oh, I’m a Mage.” Pretty uninteresting versus actually having a conversation about how/why you came across your abilities or what actually motivates your character. Lastly, this method discourages players from having to use any real world RP ability in favor of simply relying on their laundry list of a character sheet in order to navigate plot and solve problems. Maybe you were young and hungry once. You didn’t have lots of neat things you could do, having to survive on skill, grit, and intuition, but then you did. You got complacent, letting all those spells and crits define you. You don’t need to seek out the treasure. The treasure comes to you, now. Sound familiar? Maybe someone you know? This sort of LARP retirement happens once characters sort of level their way to obsolescence via systems that allow for the proliferation of loads of skills and abilities.


Alternatives to the Norm

        So it would seem that the simple answer is to just not have so many effects and/or, right? Well, sort of. Let’s start by defining a few key terms that get tossed around a lot, but are in fact different animals. Note that these terms are within the context of LARP and not necessarily as they’re perceived and/or defined in general.

Rule – these are policies that define how a game is played and the game itself. A rule is an umbrella term that can cover everything from safety measures, to how long a specific effect lasts, to how to use an ability. A rule defines and dictates any action within the context of a game and helps the player to interact with and within the game. Examples include striking angle of a weapon or how long a count lasts before a player is considered dead.

Effect – refers to the abstraction of an action, or the execution of an action as a consequence of a rule, and is sometimes referred to as a mechanic. Effects usually are put in place to replicate real actions that might be harmful or otherwise impossible. Examples include standing still when under a “Paralyze” effect or falling down, “dead,” when being targeted with the “Death” effect. An effect is a rule whose specific intent is to replicate an action or a state of being. These are usually vocalized or communicated via some other means so as to indicate the action being performed, in addition to the resulting effect.

Ability – represents an action or meta-skill that a player is allowed to perform within the game. This can be as simple as swinging a weapon, throwing a magic spell, or getting the upper hand in a trade between powerful merchants. Abilities are usually accompanied or defined by, an effect, by which a player can manipulate, interact with, and influence the game world and other players

Now that that’s out of the way, let’s talk about them as they seem to be the main culprit in this whole mess. Objectively, these little guys are what inject a lot of the fantasy into a fantasy LARP or other. No one can really put you to sleep with magic or hit you with a flaming sword (without it hurting a lot), so how do we replicate this cool, mystical stuff? Why, effects silly! Ok, then how do let someone know we’re doing this cool, mystical stuff to them? Why, we shout it at them of course! Ok, how do I know if your spell works on me? Wait…what? So therein lies the issue. It’s easy to understand why this train of thought makes sense and how it initially followed that this was a sensible approach to putting this stuff into your game. But bad stuff happens when too many of these are being thrown around in a combat or other sort of player interaction. Besides it sounding absolutely ridiculous and totally non-immersive, they can do a lot of harm to your game, especially in abundance. As we’ve covered this already, let’s go over some alternatives to this approach so we can keep the fantasy as seamless as possible, and not let that reality leak in. We’ll start with the assumption that we’re going to work on a rules set that will facilitate a fantasy world wherein our players can make and play characters who can do stuff you simply can’t or shouldn’t do in your day to day life, i.e. magic, murder, mayhem, etc… We then want to provide our players with all kinds of neat options and variations on how to harm other characters, steal from them, set traps, hurl magic at them, influence them to do things they’d not do otherwise, etc…Variety is the spice of life! Well this is where things get sticky. This is the point at which system efficiency breaks down and we get lots of redundancies, overlap, and complications that really muck up the works and cause confusion. With this in mind, let’s continue with our previous assumptions and goals. What do we do then, to ensure that we’re providing for sufficient fantasy elements in our game while maintaining immersion and the understanding that each abstraction placed between a player and their respective character renders them that much less engaged with the game their supposed to be experiencing? We can use the following graphics to better demonstrate this concept. This, “immersion sandwich”, while seemingly really delicious and tempting, simply becomes harder to swallow as it is continually stuffed with more and more rules and/or effects.


Trim down your rules set by employing some of the ideas below:
1. Assume It Can Already Be Done – start by assuming a player can perform any action their character can perform. This can help to inform rules development as we will continually ask ourselves if including another layer of abstraction between player and character is absolutely necessary. Lots of rulebooks like to over regulate combat; that is, in order to make players feel like fighters with greater levels of ability, they’ll include skills to subsidize and fill in any potential gaps in real skill, or as an attempt to heighten up the fantastic, thematic elements of the setting. Assume immersion first and consider an ability a last resort. Its always feels cooler and more satisfying to do something on your own as opposed to having to rely on some character sheet entry to the same ends.

2. Avoid Redundancies – many times rule books will include multiple iterations of the same effect, yet only call it something different. We see this most notably where immobilizing and / or status effects are concerned; where players are unable to move limbs, their entire body, are sickened, or some variation thereof. Since the goal here is to streamline things, only include those effects that truly differentiate themselves. Remember that more isn’t necessarily better, and that we don’t need to have minor variations on similar effects. It can be much more immersive to simply put different “skins” on the same effect, given the context and themes of the game world. As an example and typical scenario, perhaps we have multiple “schools” or “domains” of magic. We don’t have to come up with unique effects for every single one. We can, in fact, simply include the same effects in each domain, only re-skinned, making it so that the player population, on the whole, only has to learn a small amount of calls.

3. Consider the Method of Intent – as stated above, popular practice is to vocalize the explicit effect being used. Consider other options when coming up with ways to communicate intent and action abstractions. If it’s a defense ability, perhaps it doesn’t even need to be called? I mean, we are on the honor system after all? Perhaps it could be role played as a grunt and a stagger. While there are indeed, lots of ways to produce un-vocalized environmental effects, i.e. via lights, sounds, touch elements, etc… this list will primarily pertain to the meta-interactions between players. Including lots of special offensive abilities, however, offers its own set of challenges. How do we navigate including and communicating myriad, specific offensive abilities when the intent is to include as few “calls” as possible? Let’s look at a few, typical, weapon-delivered offensive skill examples and come up with some different ways we could execute them without the use of these calls.

Piercing or Body Damage – this type of effect typically refers to a strike, magical or otherwise, that bypasses any armor worn. This type of attack can be better allocated to a weapon type. For example, consider allowing this type of damage to be delivered only by piercing weapons, such as arrows, bolts, daggers, rapiers, etc… Does this mean that everyone will now be running around with a crossbow and a few daggers? Maybe, but so what? If they want to look like Rambo running around the battlefield, let them. In this way, we can also leave calls where they belong, in the magic system. If you were to hear someone shouting, “Body,” or some such variation, you’d now know it was magically rendered.

Disarming Strike – refers to a blow that disarms an opponent of anything they might be carrying in their hands. This one is a bit more complicated, although I would simply say leave it to rule number one above. Assume this and any non-harmful, non-impossible ability/skill can be achieved through actual skill, rather than via a forced, in-game effect.

Powerful Blow – this skill essentially represents a strike that deals an amount of damage well beyond what is normal. Like example A, we can allocate this ability to certain weapon types, however in this case, they’ll be of the larger variety. Let the player who wants to schlep around a spear, halberd, or large sword all weekend get some benefit! Give their weapon extra damage. For example, if all small/medium weapons do 1 point of damage, these big guys can do 2. In this way, there’d still be no need for extemporaneous calls, as all players have to do is remember which weapons do 1 point and which do 2.

Deflect or Parry (Defensive Abilities) – this refers to the purely abstracted version of a physical maneuver meant to block or deflect, as the name entails, an oncoming blow. As this mechanic is often purely an abstraction, it’s often meant as an added layer of protection when a weapon blow or other, in fact does make contact, and the target does not want to have to let the effect of the blow resolve upon them. Whereas offensive abilities require some method to communicate their delivery, we have the small luxury, in the case of defensive abilities, to let the honor system do the work for us. Should you wish to include these abilities in your rules set, a player need simply mentally account for the used ability when used and move on. While it might seem frustrating to an opponent that none of their blows seem to be having an effect, at least there would be a common understanding that their opponent might be mentally using their defensive abilities against the successful offensive blows. Again, honor system. What’s also nice about this approach, too, is that eliminates a whole host of calls that would have otherwise detracted from the immersion of the combat, and likewise, keeps a player from having to process loads of mental math. If you’re following along, we’re only up to tracking weapon types and a defensive skill or two (we’ll discuss magic systems a bit later). Leaving these out altogether isn’t a bad idea as well, as it’ll have the effect of making your players better at either blocking the blow, or simply getting out of the way.


In Conclusion


In putting these series of posts together, I find myself noting lots of parallels between those concepts I’ve been taught in the tech world and those struggles within LARP development, most notably the concept of scaling out. In essence, it simply refers to how an existing hardware/software solution is going to manage extra workloads over time. Whether it’s simply adding more resources or writing adaptability into the software, something needs to happen in order to support this change and increase in demand. The system cannot stay stagnant. What works great now will sooner or later have to undergo some change, hopefully for the better. And I guess that’s what I’m getting at here. In my time doing this stuff, I’ve seen great games ruined by poor rules systems, inundated with obsolete and tired mechanics and unimaginative effects delivery systems. I’ve seen once enthusiastic players become disheartened and frustrated over years of dealing with this kind of stuff.  It seems that there is some great unspoken reluctance to buck the status quo. I’ve also found that the simplest systems are often those that are the easiest to scale out, and are often the most successful at doing so. We all want our hobby, and likewise our games, to grow, right? Then keep the rules barrier to entry as low as possible for those that want to give it a shot. Let players turn their attention to their kit, to reading about the world you’ve spent so much time creating, to putting the finishing touches on their character or to telling their friends all about the hobby. If I haven’t convinced you that this is the way to go, hopefully I’ve at least given you something to consider.

May 03, 2016

Treasure Trapped is finally going to be available for your home viewing pleasure. If you’ve lived under a rock, or are new to the larp community (welcome!), then this film is a must see and a perfect stocking stuffer for the larper on your list.

Here at Larping.org we’ve been covering this film from it’s infancy in a Kickstarter campaign, to it’s World Wide Crazy Ass Viral success shooting the College of Wizardry Documentary, to finally showing the film in Seattle and meeting their team in person, we’ve been along for the ride the whole time (yes I know that’s a run-on sentence).

I’ve watched the entire film at least three times, and skimmed past clips of it lots more than that (thanks press screener!) and I can’t get enough of it. I already bought my copy and can’t wait to get some more swag, and my hands on a shiny new dvd of the film. Sorry family, we’re having a very larpy Christmas Day when I gift this to one of you…

As of the writing of this post they only have $2,000+, and that’s despicable, because this film is amazing and you should all own a copy. Like in the future other larpers will judge you, in a fun non-asshole way, on whether you proudly display this as one of the last DVDs you ever bought.  Let’s blow the success of this film sky high and help them get over $10,000 in the last few days of the campaign.

Go here and get yourself a copy asap! https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/cosmicjoke/treasure-trapped-on-dvd-and-bluray

After a year of theatrical touring, the indie LARP documentary is coming to home viewing!Online Generator Little alchemist Gems

Returning once again to the platform that launched the film three years ago, Manchester’s Cosmic Joke are running a Kickstarter campaign for pre­orders of the Treasure Trapped DVD

and BluRay.

For those that don’t know, Treasure Trapped is a documentary that explores the curious hobby of Live Action Role Play, a film that saw three British filmmakers on a whirlwind ride around Europe discovering what happens when you take pretending to a whole new level. Critics have described the film as ‘an amusing experience that informs and educates’ and ‘ a solid offering that does LARP proud.’ The filmmakers themselves have described the film as ‘beyond impressive considering we made it!’

The film was successfully funded through Kickstarter back in December 2012 and released two years later in December 2014. Throughout 2015, the filmmakers took the film on tour, screening for cinema audiences and LARP groups alike in over 5 countries with highlights including an appearance at San Diego Comic Con and playing to a sold out audience in London’s favourite indie cinema, Genesis.

Due to popular demand, the film is now making its way to DVD and BluRay for home viewing. Running until December 4th, either version can be pre­ordered through Kickstarter as well as loads of extra merch. Both releases will be filled with unseen special features and more of the crazy LARP shenanigans that have won fans over in the last year’s theatrical tour. Running for a limited time, this might be the only chance to get your hands on the film, so if you’ve seen it and loved it or missed out at the cinema, get pre­ordering a copy now!

All info on Treasure Trapped here: www.cosmicjoke.co.uk/treasure­trapped/

Kickstarter here: https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/cosmicjoke/treasure­trapped­on­dvd­and­bluray

Apr 15, 2016

By: Luke Mahar

Immersion: a longtime buzzword for LARPs.  LARP’s advertised as highly immersive are the latest affectation LARP owners use to promote their product to players, yet without an industry standard in vernacular and measure, how are players to know just what to expect out of a LARP that’s “highly immersive,” or even mildly immersive, for that matter.  It is nothing new to employ a sort of spectrum for different elements of a LARP, be it focus on roleplay vs combat, or other. It may be worthwhile at this stage, for the community to consider adopting some system to determine the level of immersion people can expect for one pretty important reason. Without this rating system or reference, even the term, “immersive” will begin to slowly lose value and grey in meaning, as every game will, or continue to, boast about their “high” Immersion Factor. What is now an aspect of the product a player would consider when choosing a game with which to be involved will eventually become the next “all natural” or “organic.” It will become even the most humble of LARPs MO when trying to draw players, diminishing the work another game might put in to in fact be, highly immersive.  One might compare it to a business or company advertising with a customer satisfaction rating based on the ratings of their own staff. “We were ranked #1 in service by 100% of our customer service representatives!”

Although no standard rating system currently exists, for the purposes of this article I will propose various “Immersion Factor” or “IF” ratings based on various key elements of LARP games.  Immersion is inextricably linked to both how the LARP game looks and how it feels. Immersion is more than what is seen, in fact, it deals more with what a LARP player would experience as the game is played.  By no means are these suggestions the end all be all list of how to have an immersive game, however, there are some aspects which distinguish one LARP’s Immersion Factor from another that can be clearly identified and categorized.  I believe the level of immersion is what makes it easier, or harder for that matter, for a player to leave reality and fully disappear into the LARP as their character.  Many games are attempting to accomplish this, so how do we gauge whether or not one is successful in doing so?

Look and Feel

The look and feel of a LARP speaks largely to mean the devices which help develop and maintain ambiance, promote Player Character continuity, and atmospheric immersion.  Here are some simple, common sense approaches to consider that will add to a LARP’s level of gameplay and overall Immersion Factor:

1. Transforming a Room – This is a small effort that goes a long way in hiding reality. The easiest thing to do when you have large items in a room which are not in period is to simply cover them up with some plain sheets or blankets. Just having these items out of site will make a difference. You’d be surprised at how much more acceptable it is to see a lump of cloth covering something on a table in the corner instead of looking at a microwave. Sure, your mind knows it’s a microwave under there, but eventually it will become far easier to ignore and won’t pull you out of character in the middle of a sentence when you notice it. If it’s a room you spend a lot of time in, eventually your mind will just overlook it. Another great trick is to cover it with cloth and then decorate it using the object underneath to provide levels for your candles, trinkets, or treasure boxes. Dressing up what you’re hiding works wonders.

Transforming a Room

Credit: Herofest LARP

A snapshot can help in making these sorts of decisions. Just like a person may check the mirror before going out in order to see what object stands out the most and then take it off or change it. It is important to glance at a setting or character to see what things might stand out as not part of the right genre for your game setting. A great way to do this is by taking a quick picture with your phone and then looking at it to see if anything stands out or “ruins” how good that picture would be for a promo shot. In this way, you will eventually get very good at seeing what looks out of place and finding ways to cover it up or fix it. A lot of my LARP experience comes from playing in fantasy or medieval settings which have consistent items that stand out or break immersion for the game. Plastic/Styrofoam cups and drink bottles are some of the most common offenders. These items can be replaced with wooden or period appropriate containers at a relatively low cost, be they brought by players, or provided by the game for a longer term solution.

Dressing up a table

Credit: Medieval Chaos LARP

2. Props – Props are the additive source of ambiance. They are the simple details which can help a player become a character. Props can be environmental or physical.

  • Environmental Props are the sights and sounds which make up the setting for your LARP. Some examples of using environmental props would be: walking downstairs into a room or dungeon where the floor is covered in smoke or fog, hearing creepy sounds play in the distance, or drums banging away as you approach a hut deep in the woods.  Using remote locations, or locations that fit into the overall scheme of the LARP are also good examples of ways to create a highly immersive environment.
Scrolls and Currency

Credit: Meliadhor at Propnomicon

  • Physical Props are objects such as candles, fake blood, scrolls, books, webs, treasure boxes and other standard or common props used in LARPs.  If most of your props are representative of the time period then props that are not part of the environment stand out even more so.  Having excellent props within will additionally increase the Immersion Factor for the players.

Text Props

Fortunately, all props are optional. They aren’t a necessary component since they are used as an additive factor for immersion. By that I can make the assertion that it is harder for a player to perceive what might be missing from a scene versus what is definitely out of place. So, if you don’t have scrolls, books, drums, or smoke, these missing articles won’t necessarily detract from an immersive environment. However, having them certainly adds to it and helps players get more in touch with their character.  LARP games that use props effectively would have a much higher Immersion Factor than LARP games which simply rely on the players’ imagination. One of the most difficult props to control is the costuming, armor & weapons, and makeup that players bring to a LARP.  Since each player is individually responsible for these elements, quality control is in the hands of the player and can be challenging to administer without having some uncomfortable conversations.  For instance, if a bunch of players wear basic tabards, carry distinctly fake weapons, and have some brown face paint smeared on them, one might accept them all as the “trolls” who need to be defeated in order to save the kingdom.  Unfortunately, one of the “trolls” decided to wear a baseball cap backwards and stands out like a sore thumb.  Boom, Immersion Factor drops over something that is not always in your control.  In order to increase your LARP Immersion Factor rating, provide rules for what is acceptable and unacceptable.  True LARP players who are looking for the full immersion will appreciate your efforts to bring this aspect into line.


Here are some suggestions for helping players add to the overall Immersion Factor:

1. Costuming – Obviously, one of the biggest things that stands out in a fantasy setting is clothing items like sneakers, t-shirts and jeans. These are commonly worn items and some players may have difficulty accepting structure or critique regarding these items.  I understand that controlling what someone wears, especially if they’re coming to NPC for you for free is a difficult conversation! If you are having difficulty with these things, you can attempt to raise the standard a little at a time by enforcing a “no jeans” policy, and then later a “no sneakers” policy or you can simply just not allow it. At the very least, simple concealment is still a workable solution for many of these setting-inappropriate items. If at first it sticks out, keep on adding costume pieces and layers! Keep adding and eventually you will no longer notice the out of place item. Artifacts, trinkets, scarves, robes, jewelry, hoods/hats/mantles/skullcaps, tabards, armor, gloves and even wigs can all add enough to a look to essentially hide the one or two items that would normally be out of place, or at least draw your attention away from them.  For those running their own LARP, bring a trunk (in period of course) or  some collapsible clothing racks with additional pieces that can be added if your NPC’s are having a hard time bringing their own gear. Tabards are usually the first solution for covering t-shirts, but are definitely not the only option available when going for a higher level of immersion. Wrap pants are amazing! Most players will be far less likely to take a second glance at jeans under a fine pair of wrap pants.  Armor can also be used to cover up jeans and a t-shirt, however, no matter how ornate, realistic, or amazing looking, if you’re wearing it over a t-shirt and jeans, you’re still wearing it over a pair of jeans and a t-shirt. A big argument about armor and Immersion Factor is real or realistic. Here’s a simple thought which sometimes helps to assuage those who are looking for the benefit but don’t necessarily care about look: If you’re going to wear armor that doesn’t look real or you’re just wearing it for points, put it under your clothes. I have a very cheaply made suit which passes for plate or scale armor in one game that I play. In fact, so many other players have come to wear something similar that it has been dubbed “poker chip” armor because of its hard, plastic disks sewn into the fabric. It looks terrible by itself in nearly every example I have seen, and most wear it as their tabard or armor above the rest of their costuming, but as a layer under my tabard it just looks like some thick black fabric. I still get the points for it and I’m showing off my garb, not my tech-crafted armor.

Great accents to a costume!

2. Makeup – Whether yours is a game with heavy makeup requirements or little to no makeup, the trick with maintaining immersion with makeup is to be consistent! I have played many games where you see a lot of players who obviously take the extra effort to ensure their makeup and/or prosthetics are done very well, however, just as I mentioned earlier, if even one of them doesn’t take that requirement as seriously, they stand to immediately detract from immersion. This is perhaps most difficult for the Plot and NPCs running the game, as players may have to sometimes slip in and out of various roles and it takes time to apply good makeup and prosthetics. Again, the key is to cover up or distract from what can easily be seen as out of place. I’ve seen players wear headbands or skullcaps because they forgot their ear prosthetics. I’ve seen players use various things to cover what they are unable to supplement with makeup or props; partial masks to cover their face where a scar or tattoo might be missing, a veil to hide a missing beard, a hood to cover missing horns, gloves to cover bare skinned hands, a scarf or mantle to cover the back of your neck. These seemingly minor details are those which maintain the consistency of the “snapshot glances,” ensuring that nothing is out of place or spoiling or detracting from the atmosphere. Again, it is difficult for your mind to not do this naturally, so try to limit those things which trigger that response.  Increase your Immersion Factor by ensuring that players have these items available.

Credit: Senhora-Raposa

Credit: Senhora-Raposa

3. Rules – The actions, effects, calls and logistics of a game are just as vital to the atmosphere as any props or roleplay. A LARP developer known to some as the “Grandfather of LARP” in the US, Ford Ivey, is developing his latest system with the motto “play the game, not the rules.” This is a great model for improving on a game’s Immersion Factor and when looking to design a system or rule set for our own games, attempt to focus a player’s attention on playing their character or role, not the game system.  The game and its rules system needs to be transparent and seamless relative to the environment in order to achieve a high Immersion Factor.  If I have to stop game play in order to read a card that describes what something does or how I should roleplay an effect, I’ve stopped playing my character and am now playing the system. This goes for the vocalization mechanic as well. Many times we find that LARP systems are inundated and plagued by lots of vocalized effects that must be remembered and in turn, interpreted by all players. Unfortunately, keeping the rules and calls as in character and immersed as possible creates a new level of difficulty for players. This is not something a game can simply adapt and employ without a serious level of understanding and investment from the players. They have to actually know what an effect does or how they’re supposed to roleplay it. In the end, players are basically communicating their intended actions to one another using words that aren’t at all in character. This reminds me of the table top games where I tell the GM what my character does instead of just doing it. While this method for executing on actions seems logical for players who are just learning, it is anathema to the basic concepts of immersion, where everything you are doing should be as your character would do it and very little, if anything, is said out of character or out of game.

Credit: Conquest of Mythodea LARP, Olaf Winter

 4. Roleplaying – Staying in character is probably the biggest contributor to immersion as well as the most likely offender in breaking it. Even the “purest” of role players can be caught slipping out of character or breaking immersion at a moment when they forget their role or are themselves forced out of character. One of the great tricks that more players should put into practice is to actually take a moment to get in to character. This is what actors do when they hear “action.” This is why we countdown to a “Lay On” after the game has been paused for whatever reason. We don’t just start, we try to ease back into it. For some players, the whole ritual of getting dressed in their garb or putting their makeup on is what helps them get into their character. Some people seem to come by roleplaying more naturally than others, but everyone should be able to remind themselves that what they may be about to say or do doesn’t fit in the game world with which they’re currently involved. This is much easier when everyone and everything around you is promoting immersion and helping to keep you “synced” with your character. Likewise, it is the responsibility of players to help bring those who may be slipping out of “decorum” back in sync with their character and their character’s respective appropriate actions. It doesn’t mean you have to berate them or even step out of character yourself to snap someone else back into the game. Sometimes a gentle reminder using “in character lingo” can go a long way in helping a player check their own behavior. Some ways to gently remind a player could be to ask if they aren’t feeling well, or if they are speaking madness, or if they have been drinking. Other, more intrusive, ways to remind people are to do things which are obviously part of the game or in character, such as standing up abruptly and saying “I won’t be a party to this nonsense,” or threatening to cast a spell or use some ability on the person whose character is obviously not acting like themselves. I have made a fun game out of finding new ways to bring people back into game that have strayed by doing something or even correcting their words to fit the genre. In one game I play, it has become popular to refer to your vehicle as your caravan or carriage. So, when someone says, “I left my sword in my car,” and you correct them by saying, “You mean you left it in your carriage?” you are simply providing a gentle reminder that “car” is obviously not setting appropriate. One of the biggest shifts needed to create a more immersive LARP game is a departure from the “just ignore it” idea, as it represents a mindset that is perhaps the largest detractor from creating a LARP that can completely capture and pull you in. Some may feel this attention to detail may be too exacting or a bit ridiculous, but the human mind is really good at subconsciously picking up on things which seem out of place or don’t belong. It is why we notice movie errors, like an actor who forgot to take his wedding ring off during a take where he was playing the role of some single guy. It’s at that moment you’ve ceased suspension of disbelief and have instead begun considering those things which exist in reality. So, if you find yourself fully immersed in a game with a low technological setting and it’s been hours since you thought about reality, chances are you’re doing a great job reacting and responding as your character would. Then, perhaps you hear or see someone’s cell phone. The reason this is so jarring for a player who is in character and not very easy to “just ignore” is because your character doesn’t know how to react to what you’re seeing. So, you revert to your knowledge as a player and attempt to dismiss it. Either way, it was enough to throw you off your game and now you’re most likely no longer immersed in the moment.


“Oh there you are, Peter.”

            So, in an effort to provide some guidelines for the things which add to or detract from your game’s IF rating, I hope this has been helpful. Not everyone wants to capture this level of detail or gameplay for their LARP and there is absolutely no cookie cutter version of what you should or shouldn’t do for your own game. For me, I would hope that this IF rating idea could eventually translate into something which tells me how easy it is going to be for me to stay in character at a game as well as how important that concept is for the people running that game. Since my experiences stem mostly from those games in the fantasy and medieval genres, I would love to hear some tips and tricks from players of games with vastly different settings and rules systems on how they get into character, cover up reality and set the mood for their games.


“The less I have to imagine, the more I can pretend.”

~Luke R. Mahar

Owner, LARPlink, Inc.

Pick up some great props, costuming, and makeup in the shop.

Take me to the shop!
Apr 13, 2016

As any LARPer will tell you, the best thing about joining a LARP is you get to be the hero in your own movie.

What they often fail to mention is that everyone else wants to be the hero too. No sidekicks, no servants. Unless someone is willing to play a secondary character it’s a bunch of heroes fighting to have the most epic moments.

Don’t believe it? Just stand with any group of Larpers and ask them what is the most epic thing they’ve ever done at a LARP. I Guarantee that conversation will last longer than 4 bottles of Mead. Some LARP’s account for this by providing cookie cutter role-play. You turn up with enemies already there, people who already know you and want to defeat you, or stop you achieving your goal and generally be bad guys, or provide some other kind of role-play.

However there are many European-style Larps that take things a little differently. (Such as Bicolline in Canada which you can learn more about via The Voyage North.) Instead of providing you with quests and role-play they encourage you to find your own. So whether you’re looking to play a more memorable character in your own Larp, or want to learn how to get the best Role-play experience out of a European style LARP. Here’s a simple breakdown of 5 ways you can easily increase the amount of Role-play you get in a LARP.

1) Have a code and stick to it

This is almost too easy, by simply having a very strict code that you follow, such as always accept a challenge, or always defend someone in need etc. You will always be self generating Role-play. Suddenly, whenever the correct situation arises you get the chance to “activate” your code and begin a new encounter. Naturally this works best for characters like Monks however the truth is you can adapt it for any character. Some examples would include:

  • A wizard who follows a set code to appease their elders
  • A Knight with a Vow of Poverty and Chivalry
  • An Amazon who will never allow a man to best her in combat
  • An Orphaned prince who refuses to let the code of the old lands die

The key is being strict about following your code. The more people see you follow it, the more role-play you will find. (Just don’t bore people with it in every conversation, a casual mention once in a while to people you meet should be more than enough)

2) Argue with a friend

Everyone starts a new game with their friends as.. well … friends. Which makes sense. However it also encourages you to keep to your own people. Some of my greatest Role-play experiences have come from starting a game with a close friend of mine with a huge argument in the centre of camp. All of the players gather around to get involved and break it up at which point they find the two of us stick like glue and defend each other. By having conflict within the group it enables others to get involved while still encouraging you to stick together. Suggestions for arguments could be:

  • You got us lost and now we’re here
  • I didn’t even want to join the army
  • I thought you said the rampaging goblins were a music group!
  • Magic Doesn’t exist

3) Ridiculous viewpoints

The final suggestion in the point above brings up one of my favorite ways to Role-play with a new group, and thats simply to not believe in Magic. Just being point blank ignorant to the fact it exists.This is amazing because it will encourage everybody to attempt to prove you wrong. No matter what you see however, simply justify it away as just the wind, or smoke and mirrors. Once again this is the kind of character people love to hate and if everyone else is having fun, you won’t be able to help yourself but enjoy being the character. However ridiculous viewpoints don’t have to stick to disbelief in magic. Others include:

  • Swords are dangerous
  • The gods aren’t real
  • Elves are bad luck
  • I’m allergic to Money

Just be sure to remember not to flood every conversation with your thoughts, save it for the occasional point of witty banter to encourage a fun interaction and to flesh out your character.

4) Go on a Quest

Most RPG video games nowadays are made up from a central quest wth a bunch of side quests. The side quest make up a significantly larger part of the time in the game. Your LARP experience can be exactly the same. Just treat the other players as the NPC’s who hand out quests. Simply talking to people and finding out what they’re currently trying to do is an easy way to work out what you’re going to do. You’re going to help them. By being the aiding character in their quest, you’re increasing your role-play. You could do any of the following:

  • Vow to stand by their side until you have repaid your life debt
  • Help them find a missing person
  • Help them meet someone they want to meet
  • Avenge them for a death on the battlefield

Letting another player guide you is an easy way to make friends, and to give yourself plenty of Role-play opportunities.

5) Have a weakness

This is probably the easiest way to build some role-play around your character, yet it’s the thing very few people are willing to do. After all aren’t we all perfect heroes? The truth is Even Superman has Kryptonite. Without a weakness your character is unbelievable, and this makes it hard for people to relate to them. One of the most memorable characters in the old games I used to play was a coward, who hid from every battle. People loved protecting him and being his Hero. Another character only had one arm, a HUGE disadvantage in combat, and yet never was more noble an ally appreciated in battle.

Find a disadvantage and add it to your character and not only will you find more role-play, you’ll probably find that character grows to be one of your most favorite to play.

If you’ve never played in a European style LARP before, and Love the idea of playing with 3000 people in an open world complete with over 300 purpose built medieval buildings then check out The Voyage North.

Its an experience like no other.

Click here to join The Voyage North!

Want to join a European Larp in North America?

If you have ideas for simple ways to find more role-play in your LARP games then please feel free to post them in the comments below.

Apr 01, 2016

It’s not everyday you find a LARP that throws a new perspective on a story construct we feel comfortable with. Many games leave the majority of the story to the “Good Guys” and leave the “Bad Guys” with the cliff notes motivation of “You’re bad guys… and you like doing bad guy stuff”. This is no where as prevalent as Medieval Fantasy LARPs, and often times the only case when looking at Lord of the Rings inspired LARPs. But, not all hope is lost… “Snaga: Jeden Kmen” (Snaga: One tribe) in The Czech Republic is here!

In their own words, “Snaga: One tribe is a multi-genre story in which the world of creatures known to the humans as orcs come to life“. That’s right, in this game the Orcs are the PCs, and the NPCs are the “Free Peoples of Middle Earth”. This mirror of the standard Fantasy LARP adventure opens up an entire new world to explore. Though much was written about Orcs by Tolkien and others, rarely do we find a well developed concept of their daily lives, rituals, habits and dreams. The idea that they would have these is almost in direct conflict with Tolkien’s quote, “They were wholly and entirely evil, bend to the will of their dark master”, and we do catch glimpses of Tolkien’s deeper and thoughts on Orcs through their interactions with each other. This open ended side of the story lends itself to the creative minds behind this hauntingly gruesome event!

“Snaga: One Tribe” gives players the opportunity to explore this untold story in a way previously unseen. For this reason, we’re dedicated a 4 part series to this exciting LARP event, where we explore the many faceted world of The Orc!

“The crucial idea of One Tribe is to act like a real tribe”, says Ctibor Ostrý, one of the players and organizers of the the “One Tribe Project”.

He goes on to say, “So some parts from the collection of pics are not from scenic or LARP performances as usual, but from kind of an everyday life, how a member of the tribe experiences it. Tribal members are mostly a band of friends, who knows each other for many years and from time to time, they put on their masks and go together on a trip, build in camp in a country a spend a weekend together (like you can see on The camp or The Road cycle for example). From time to time we participate on larger LARPs or make some scenic “performances”. I find important to know, that the One Tribe overlaps to other LARP little bit.”

Part I of the series looks at the camp life, and world the Orcs live in when not campaigning or raiding. From cooking, to lodging, this gallery gives you the impression that the world is much deeper than “Stab, Slash and Burn!” for these creatures of the Dark Army of Sauron.




What is One Tribe project?
One Tribe project connects photography, digital art and music, but it isn’t just that. One Tribe is result of long-term variously oriented art-work of wider group of people. It’s based on eye-catching handmade costumes, props and equipment combined with interesting locations of natural beauty, that underline unique atmosphere of scenes. One Tribe project is driven by desire to tell the story, because storytelling and annual festivities are what native tribes do to keep their culture alive. Our story isn’t stated outright, but is merely outlined to leave space for your own imagination and to picture yourself as part of it. Almost every part of the story is based on authentic experience either from LARPs (Live Action RolePlay) or life itself and all we had to do was to twist some details to more urukish nature. Characters depicted by our story are partly inspired by J. R. R. Tolkiens books, but mostly by our “normal” lives and they reflect strong relationship with nature, wandering, stories and creating tangible and intangible things. Major part of the project is photography, sections of the gallery are named after important events in the life of the tribe: The Camp – Maudhul, The Journey – Ogh, The Figth – Maukum, The Ritual – Kaushatar and The Burrial – Vorroz. Second part of the project is electronic ambient music which will guide you through the story, underline the photos and is planned to be released on CD later on, so you can not only see us, but hear us as well. At the final point of this project, and we are looking forward to see it as you are, official web page www.snaga.cz will be released alongside with exhibition of photos, music and some artefacts of the tribe.

Oct 13, 2015
  • Join the Larp Community

    larp rss larp tumblr
  • April 2018
    M T W T F S S
    « Mar    

Your Cart